In his book Laboratorium Chymicum, Johann Kunckel von Lwenstern describes the vigorous reaction of mercury nitrate with alcohol to form mercury fulminate (Hg(CNO)2). Says Beck: "In addition, we can unambiguously show that the molecules in the crystal have a stretched-out, nearly linear form. They are not bent, and each mercury atom is not bound to two oxygen atoms, as they are amazingly still occasionally depicted in the literature., Citation: The Crystal and Molecular Structure of Mercury Fulminate (Knallquecksilber), Wolfgang Beck, Jrgen Evers, Michael Gbel, Gilbert Oehlinger, Thomas M. Klaptke, Z. anorg. Whatever you do, don't throw it into a room full of bad guys. The content is provided for information purposes only. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. "Explosive Crystal: Chemists Reveal Molecular Structure Of Dynamite Detonator, Mercury Fulminate." and Terms of Use. This may be a really stupid question. The first investigations of the crystal structure of mercury fulminate by X-ray structure analysis date from 1931. Woodpeckers' Heads: Hammers or Safety Helmets? Please select the most appropriate category to facilitate processing of your request. Note: Content may be edited for style and length. This site uses cookies to assist with navigation, analyse your use of our services, collect data for ads personalisation and provide content from third parties. ScienceDaily, 29 August 2007. 633, no. 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Says Beck: In addition, we can unambiguously show that the molecules in the crystal have a stretched-out, nearly linear form. I detonated it and it stripped the paint off the little tool in the photo so i would say it packs a punch for its size, just keep in mind this crystal is paper thin. Have any problems using the site? 1417-1422 doi: 10.1002/zaac.200700176. Wasps Form Concept of 'Same' and 'Different', Four-Legged Fishapod Fossil Ventured Onto Land, Amazing Elephant Trunks: Skin, Muscle Combo Key. Financial support for ScienceDaily comes from advertisements and referral programs, where indicated. In Germany alone, the annual production of mercury fulminate in the early 20th century reached about 100,000 Kg. This relatively safe new detonator was what allowed for the huge success of dynamite. allg. Your email address is used only to let the recipient know who sent the email. How reactive is the crystal. In 1799, the English chemist Edward Howard isolated the compound by chance, which was produced a sensation in the nascent scientific field of chemistry. Neither your address nor the recipient's address will be used for any other purpose. This explosive power was used extensively: Alfred Nobel put mercury fulminate into blasting caps for detonating dynamite. Each mercury atom is surrounded by two carbon atoms. This explosive power was used extensively: Alfred Nobel put mercury fulminate into blasting caps for detonating dynamite. The resulting X-ray diffraction pattern allowed the researchers to precisely calculate the positions of the individual atoms within the crystal and the distances between them. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Your feedback is important to us. Materials provided by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. Now, more than 300 years after the discovery of this explosive compound, German researchers have been able to characterize its crystal structure and thus finally reveal the molecular structure of mercury fulminate. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Privacy Policy The resulting X-ray diffraction pattern allowed the researchers to precisely calculate the positions of the individual atoms within the crystal and the distances between them. Chem. You can unsubscribe at any time and we'll never share your details to third parties. How big is it? 9, pp. Mercury fulminate crystals are orthorhombic and the crystal consists, as expected, of separate Hg(CNO)2 molecules. For general inquiries, please use our contact form. The alchemists of the seventeenth century were already aware that mixtures of spiritus vini (ethanol) and mercury in aqua fortis (nitric acid) made for an explosive brew. Thank you for taking time to provide your feedback to the editors. 633, no. Highly antibiotic-resistant strain of MRSA that arose in pigs can jump to humans, Study shows that skyrmions and antiskyrmions can coexist at different temperatures, Mangrove forest found living in freshwater, Wasps able to tell the difference between 'same' and 'different', Highly collimated radio jets discovered around galaxy NGC 2663, A unique stone-skipping-like trajectory of asteroid Aletai, Science X Daily and the Weekly Email Newsletter are free features that allow you to receive your favorite sci-tech news updates in your email inbox. Get weekly and/or daily updates delivered to your inbox. Will it go off if you squeezed with tweezers really hard or would you have to step on it. Mercury fulminate is very sensitive to shock, friction, and sparks. ", Reference: The Crystal and Molecular Structure of Mercury Fulminate (Knallquecksilber), Wolfgang Beck, Jrgen Evers, Michael Gbel, Gilbert Oehlinger, Thomas M. Klaptke, Z. anorg. It explosively decomposes to form mercury, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen. It is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice. This document is subject to copyright. They are not bent, and each mercury atom is not bound to two oxygen atoms, as they are amazingly still occasionally depicted in the literature. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070824102049.htm (accessed July 21, 2022).

Click here to sign in with Now Beck, Klaptke and their team have finally succeeded in fully solving the structure. Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. The first investigations of the crystal structure of mercury fulminate by X-ray structure analysis date from 1931. I thought you were squeezing it with tweezers for a second! 9, pp. or. Questions? Thats exactly what a guy that made meth would say. Each mercury atom is surrounded by two carbon atoms. Known to the alchemists and long used as a detonator to set off dynamitemercury fulminate has a checkered past. This relatively safe new detonator was what allowed for the huge success of dynamite. As Wolfgang Beck, Thomas Klaptke and their team report in the journal ZAAC -- Journal of Inorganic and General Chemistry, the orthorhombic crystals consist of separate, nearly linear Hg(CNO)2 molecules. Known to the alchemists and long used as a detonator to set off dynamite--mercury fulminate has a checkered past. 1417-1422 doi: 10.1002/zaac.200700176. Ouuh, nice! The information you enter will appear in your e-mail message and is not retained by Phys.org in any form. What did you make this for? I tried creating bigger crystals but I was using ethanol and was barely able to dissolve 1/10 of a gram in 500ml of ethanol so I could really only produce tiny crystals, Heat it as violently as possible or crush it with a hammer first. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader: Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks: Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Content on this website is for information only. ScienceDaily. In 1799, the English chemist Edward Howard isolated the compound by chance, which was produced a sensation in the nascent scientific field of chemistry. It explosively decomposes to form mercury, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen. In Germany alone, the annual production of mercury fulminate in the early 20th century reached about 100,000 Kg. Chem. The measured positions and bond lengths confirm a molecular structure of ONCHgCNO. 2007, vol. However, we do not guarantee individual replies due to the high volume of messages. Since its appearance in BB (and the following discussion on the fact that those crystals were a bit too big) I got curious about how hard it would be to grow them to a significant dimension. Medical research advances and health news, The latest engineering, electronics and technology advances, The most comprehensive sci-tech news coverage on the web. Can a Flowing Liquid-Like Material Maintain Its Structural Order Like Crystals. Mercury fulminate crystals are orthorhombic and the crystal consists, as expected, of separate Hg(CNO)2 molecules. The alchemists of the seventeenth century were already aware that mixtures of "spiritus vini" (ethanol) and mercury in "aqua fortis" (nitric acid) made for an explosive brew. 2007, vol. . Use this form if you have come across a typo, inaccuracy or would like to send an edit request for the content on this page. Now, more than 300 years after the discovery of this explosive compound, German researchers have been able to characterize its crystal structure and thus finally reveal the molecular structure of mercury fulminate. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of ScienceDaily, its staff, its contributors, or its partners. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. (2007, August 29). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. "Explosive Crystal: Chemists Reveal Molecular Structure Of Dynamite Detonator, Mercury Fulminate." Its more impact sensitive than pressure sensitive but from my experience dropping something like a padlock from a cm or two will set it off, A community for chemists and those who love chemistry, Press J to jump to the feed. Now Beck, Klaptke and their team have finally succeeded in fully solving the structure. part may be reproduced without the written permission. ScienceDaily. In his book Laboratorium Chymicum, Johann Kunckel von Lwenstern describes the vigorous reaction of mercury nitrate with alcohol to form mercury fulminate (Hg(CNO)2). The measured positions and bond lengths confirm a molecular structure of ONCHgCNO. To do this, they irradiated small crystals with a uniform crystal lattice, known as single crystals, with X-rays. For general feedback, use the public comments section below (please adhere to guidelines). allg. Mercury fulminate is very sensitive to shock, friction, and sparks.

that would be a better idea than having it loose, I will do in the future, Not a chemist by any means, just someone whos interested, but how much damage would this little crystal actually do? googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display('div-gpt-ad-1449240174198-2'); }); As Wolfgang Beck, Thomas Klaptke and their team report in the journal ZAAC Journal of Inorganic and General Chemistry, the orthorhombic crystals consist of separate, nearly linear Hg(CNO)2 molecules. Explosive Crystal: Chemists Reveal Molecular Structure Of Dynamite Detonator, Mercury Fulminate. Im only in General Chem 2 so Im not an expert but im quickly falling in love with chemistry, Well I just made it for fun when I realised I had the materials and equipment to do it. To do this, they irradiated small crystals with a uniform crystal lattice, known as single crystals, with X-rays.

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