Weitere Informationen zu Cookies erhalten Sie in unserer, Bus Electrification: A comparison of capital costs, Retrofitting instead of new-built: conversion from diesel to electric buses. Polands Solaris put in the best and preferred offer, but they were competing with a Hungarian bidder called MABI-BUS Ltd. The articulated buses, which are delivered in a PKD construction, can also be obtained at a much more favorable price (EUR 290,000 for a bundle) than buses from other manufacturers whose prices are in the range of EUR 310-380 thousand at various tenders in the region. In 1971, over 100,000 buses were manufactured and sales increased year-by-year. We use cookies to analyse our traffic and improve user experience. Additionally, the hvg.hu website points out that a company called Evopro may be behind the MABI-BUS effort and it is widely assumed that Evopro is affiliated with Tams Szemerey, who is none other than the cousin of the current governor of the Central Bank of Hungary, Gyrgy Matolcsy. Eurocargo|

Countries that had relied on Ikarus buses could no longer afford to buy new vehicles, and if they did, they bought used Volvo, Mercedes or MAN buses from Western Europe that had been written off due to mileage. Here Are Some Tips. It should be mentioned that Ikarus also built a number of trolleybuses using Hungarian GANZ electrical equipment, and even a double-articulated bus of the 200 series as a prototype. Admittedly, it's hard to get a sense for their service record compared to other buses in city fleetswhat's clear is that the maintenance expectations of U.S. transit systems were less liberal than in countries that were the primary consumers of Ikarus buseswhich is our way of saying that 40-year-old Ikarus buses are still running around Eastern Europe and Central Asia held together with tape, wire and dodgy welding work. More than 30,000 Ikarus of the 200 series were delivered to the GDR alone. Ikarus is the all-Hungarian bus manufacturer that dates back to 1895 when in Budapest a blacksmith workshop was opened by Imre Uhry. Initial grand plans led to the closure of the last functioning Ikarus plant, in the town of Egyed, in 2007 and the last bus was manufactured in December of that year. They manufactured at Kaposvr, Hungary and assembled at Anniston, Alabama. And last, but not least, it can also create a lot of new jobs and increase tax revenue. The new, 18.75 m long articulated bus is built on the same base, and the public will be able to try it out by the end of June. Campagnola| In all, a little over 200 buses were sold to transit systems in the U.S. including Portland, San Jose, Honolulu, Jacksonville, Oakland, Albany, Milwaukee, Houston and Louisville, in addition to Toronto and Ottawa, which had their own version of the 286 and in much larger numbers.

Ikarus became really well-known outside Hungary after the Second World War. Over a year after restarting manufacturing, dozens of vehicles prove that Hungary has a new chance to reach international acclaim again, worthy of what Ikarus had before. EuroMover| Calculating with nighttime electrical pricing it costs less than 10 HUF for a bus to travel 1 km. xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();xmlhttp.onreadystatechange = function(){if(xmlhttp.readyState==4 && xmlhttp.status==200){var es = document.querySelectorAll("[data-id='"+adunit+"']");var e = Array.from(es).filter(function(e) {return !e.hasAttribute("data-rendered")});if(e.length > 0){e.forEach(function(el){var iframe = el.contentWindow.document;iframe.open();iframe.write(xmlhttp.responseText);iframe.close();el.setAttribute('data-rendered', true)})}}};var child=childNetworkId.trim()? Canada had Lada and Skoda passenger cars, the former offered all the way into the mid-'90s, while the U.S. had, ahem, something that rhymes with Hugo. The two varieties basically differed on the number of doors and the length of the trailer: The longer 60-foot version had three main doors, while the shorter version had two. cover photo: the 1000th Ikarus IK30 bus, pictured in 1952 (source: Fortepan). The reason is not too surprising for those who observe Hungarian politics. For this we need the greatest co-operation now! Following the Wall Street Crash, the company became bankrupt as it did not receive any significant orders and it had to be closed down. Based on the above we can state that our bus is also in the national interest of Hungary. As for Ikarus itself, the collapse of the USSR effectively took out 80 percent of its client base overnight. From 1999, the company was owned by Irisbus, a French-Italian investing group. Soon we will find out whether theres a need for domestic bus manufacturing and for an order of 150 of the acclaimed Modulo M 168d articulated bus to be used as a metro substitute. 417 low-floor, articulated city bus, 17.6 m long, only ever 30 produced, 489 Polaris low-floor city bus, 12 m long.

The company has come out in 2007 with a new low-floor model which they plan to produce in Hungary (200-400 per year), Russia (1000-2000 per year) and China (10,000 per year). With these buses we have a piece of history thats both quaint and fascinating, and a window into the Hungarian past. In the 1960s, Ikarus launched its first articulated bus, the Type 180 it is said to have been inspired by the Henschel articulated buses of the HS 160 series. By 1973, Ikarus became the world's fourth largest manufacturer, but lacking raw materials, orders were not delivered in time on several occasions. So there is a lot of interest in the electric bus from Hungary. The old models are still a sight to look out for, in Hungary and elsewhere, as they tend to still grace the world with their inimitable touch of Hungarian class. Maintenance for Ikarus buses was a continuing issue for the cities operating themtransit fleets had no experience working on them despite U.S. engines and gearboxes. In July, the government announced its national bus manufacturing strategy, which is expected to have a major impact on the re-industrialisation of Hungary, an objective pursued by the Orbn government, and suppliers. With an annual output of around 15,000 buses, Ikarus became the third largest bus manufacturer in the world, and it is even said that for a short time it was the largest bus manufacturer on the planet. Second, the Ikarus was narrower than most U.S. metro transit buses, which limited the amount of standing room. Several low-floor midi buses of the type 405.02 were delivered to the WSW in Wuppertal who also on loan to EVAG in Essen as a demonstration vehicle. An achievement is being born that also takes into account the environmental, energy saving and technical requirements of the 21st century. Unlike the four-speed manual transmissions fitted to domestic market versions of the 280, the Crown-Ikarus 286 buses received automatic transmissions made by Allison and Voith. First, the passenger floor was very high for the era, and it required a lot of steps to climb. Your email address will not be published. CRRC is also a very old company, which was founded at the end of the 19th century and thus long before the communist revolution in China and hence the name was initially engaged in building and repairing railway carriages. Eventually, a consortium of fledgling and would-be bus manufacturers cut ties with Mr. Szles and attempted to forge ahead with a new strategy to revive bus manufacturing in Hungary. The model Tr 3,5 was the first of its kind in the world, and continues to impress bus enthusiasts 60 years later. Ordering Hungarian buses is also a matter of national economic interest as, besides the more favorable component prices, the production of 150 articulated buses will create 250-300 jobs, and indirectly it will provide employment for more than 1,600 people. And the traveling public could be proud of these modern, Hungarian-made vehicles. So why is MABI-BUS still being considered? After the end of the Eastern Bloc Ikarus soon faced a lot of technical and economical problems, launched new models, but struggled to get survive against Western European competitors. EuroTrakker| Buses that became famous were built in the Ikarus workshops, for example, the two models Ikarus 55 (the touring and intercity coach) and Ikarus 66 (the regular service coach) with their characteristic appearance with the engine compartment protruding far out of the rear of the coach (with an air-cooled motor) nicknamed cigar. Part of the reason had to do with the economic crisis in Russia. EuroTech|

When the individual products were allocated to the individual CEMECON member states, Hungary and thus Ikarus was given responsibility for the construction of buses. Test runs in Hanover and Bremen are already booked. The Hungarian firm set up a factory in the GDR to meet the growing demand. MyWay| Ikarus' foothold in North America came about as a result of major shifts in the U.S. bus industry. In addition to job creation, these economical buses can save up to 15% of fuel, which is worth millions of euros, and reduce carbon dioxide emissions from road transport by thousands of tonnes a year. Yet the question remains: is the government putting lives at risk in Budapest, by slowing down the M3 upgrade, in order to help give a much needed boost to a struggling industry or perhaps to hand a major business opportunity over to oligarchs and businessmen close to Fidesz? Within the framework of the Green Bus programme, the company has also started to develop electric models. Wireless rail temperature measurement system. You have successfully joined our subscriber list. The name of the company is an acronym of the words Hungarian, bus and innovation. 556 articulated bus, 16.5 m long - this was a rigid bus in the 60's and 70's! It is powered by an electric motor from CRRC. Ikarus. EuroRider| EuroStar| In 1935 the company had resumed production and was fully functioning during World War II.

It didnt receive the greek mythology-inspired name until later, but the same company has survived two world wars and a communist era, and still battles on into the 21st century. The basic 280 interior features a slightly shorter rear section connected by a rubber. (function () {
it will be one of the largest bus factories in the Central and Eastern European region. Durch die weitere Nutzung der Webseite stimmen Sie der Verwendung von Cookies zu. The municipal leadership in Budapest clearly prefers the Solaris option, as the Polish company is about to embark on a design change and is able to offer the already manufactured older model at a heavily discounted price.

180 city bus, 10.9 m long - this was the articulated bus of the 60's and 70's! The manufacturers and suppliers made their first step. The 200 series was planned in the 1960s, when such ergonomic issues were not given much priority, and by the 1980s, it remained a bit of an outlier in the U.S. domestic fleets. Up-to-date news about the latest metro & tram openings worldwide you may find here: Updated information about trolleybuses and other types of electric buses: Public Transport in Cities and Regions around the World, New Ikarus e-bus in Meinigen | Mirko Peter, Um unsere Webseite fr Sie optimal zu gestalten und fortlaufend verbessern zu knnen, verwenden wir Cookies. var size='300x600',
Therefore, in principle, everything has converged to make Modulo OUR BUS. A quarter-century later, the Ikarus legacy in the U.S. is a mixed one. Photo: Pter Istvnfi / iho.hu. A number of cities like Portland bought Ikarus buses in the mid-1980s, tailoring their looks to their own tastes. But Ikarus was undoubtedly the large player for heavy motor buses in the Eastern Bloc. The Hungarian capital must purchase 150 buses to transport passengers along the M3 line, during the two year refurbishment and upgrade of the metro.

Its products are market leaders in several segments, including state and municipal transport services. This brings us to the current opportunity in Budapest. 194, 196 city/suburban bus on Volvo B10M chassis, 196.02 articulated bus on Volvo chassis, 18 m long, 220 suburban bus, 9.5 m long, no series production, 250 coach, 12 m long, produced in large numbers, 286 articulated bus for USA, 18.2 m long, 2.59 m wide. U.S. manufacturers sought to maximize the floor space by stretching the buses horizontally, while most Eastern Bloc buses such as LiAZ, LAZ, PAZ and Ikarus conformed to midsize truck regulations. Budapest officials had earlier sought to purchase very reasonably prices Solaris buses from Poland, but the Orbn government had a different idea. Its special buses are also used by the police, the defence forces, and public health organisations in Hungary. The result of the partnership was the Crown-Ikarus 286, a version of its articulated 280 base model that had been in production for a number of years and had already been exported to many countries. BYD built fromscratch a completely new factory in Hungary. In the seventies, the Ikarus 190 model was introduced as a Federal German standard bus according to the specifications of the then VV (Association of Public Transport Companies). In order to realise this, the government has granted an investment of more than EUR 5.6 million (~HUF 2 billion), including the creation of a production environment for the articulated bus chassis, with a total value of EUR 1.2 million (~HUF 470 million). Massif| LMV| The revival of Hungarian bus manufacturing is on the verge. Just like the Ikarus was for many decades. Daily| There is a story that 300 of these buses were also delivered to Mexico City, but this could not be confirmed. The next step is up to the operators, the local governments and the state. Electric-powered Modulo C 68e buses have been in service since the beginning of May. Though they were mainly transported to other Soviet Bloc countries, they were also exported as far and wide as China, Burma, Canada, Cuba and Tunisia. The CR 160 was not a success, only approximately 10 coaches of this model were ever built. BVG Berlin plans implementation of hybrid trolleybuses, Supply Industry & Industrial Associations. But as an example of economic cooperation between the two superpowers during the second half of the 20th century, Ikarus buses remain the single largest non-passenger-car joint venture between a Soviet satellite state and the U.S. that actually resulted in the shipment of vehicles to the U.S. On several occasions the buses have ended their shifts on the streets of Budapest with a lower consumption than what was achieved by the vehicle that traveled 1570 km to Paris with an average consumption of 0.487 kWh / km. There was also a cooperation with Western-German bus manufacturer MAN.

And it sees the Budapest metro tender as a prime opportunity, considering the large demand for new buses. The Ikarus 280 platform supported dozens of changes, so it was very easy to mix and match sections, windows and doors to the needs of particular markets. In 1976, Ikarus received another major boost. All rights reserved! The vacuum created by the end of production of New Look models around 1978 meant that large cities with extensive bus fleets had to get creative. A restored Ikarus 31 (1959) in a museum of Miskolc. Houston was next with 50 buses, while Milwaukee operated a fleet of 40. In 1995, 17 low-floor articulated buses of the type 417.04 were sold to Wuppertals WSW, and the WSW also had an Ikarus coach (no. And more than that, by the way: There are also new diesel buses with the name of the traditional brand. While other Eastern bloc countries like Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic Republic and Romania manufactured automobiles, Hungary was known throughout the region and in the Soviet Union for its Ikarus buses. This is barely more than twice the consumption of an electric car.
By 1913, the company focused mainly on constructing cars and due to increased sales during World War I it made great profits. It was under Soviet rule that the company really flourished and made a name for itself, as after the second world war Ikarus saw a fresh demand for transport and responded by producing chassis-less buses, with rounded, unibody designs. Annual production capacity at its base in Szkesfehrvr, in central Hungary, used to be 6 000 buses in its heyday so 3 000 units are easily within reach, he said, adding that machinery for the production should be operational by the end of September. TurboStar|, Ikarus 31 type bus from 1959; restored museum piece in, Electrical (Trolleybus) Ikarus City Bus and, An Ikarus Citibus (480) on DAF chassis in Rock Ferry, Wirral, UK, An Ikarus 481 on DAF chassis in Bolton, UK, An Ikarus Polaris (489) on DAF chassis in Manchester, UK, MAN SR 240 / Ikarus Bus 662.65 Coach build in 1980s.

We have received help from them already, but more is needed. Its buses were built in factories in Budapest and Szkesfehrvr. Mihly Varga, for instance, has been a strong supporter of what MABI has to offer, especially the companys focus on electric buses. In 2010, there were once again plans to revive Ikarus, as a joint venture between two companies: Ikarusbus Kft and Rba Nyrt. In 1999 Iveco took a stake in Ikarus, however, the cooperation was not very successful, and Ikarus eventually closed in 2006. In 1955 and 1956 with the new front engine models (Ikarus 620, 630 and 31) the company's foreign sales were boosted and apart from Eastern-European countries, China, Burma and Egypt started using them in several of their cities. Third, the base Ikarus 280 model was articulated in the middle while most U.S. metro transit buses at the time simply relied on long single-sectioned buses for packed urban routes. For an imported product all this revenue would go abroad. Time is of the essence, the M3 line is in dismal shape and Solaris offered Budapest a good deal. 2022 DailyNewsHungary. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. ), modernised its appearance a little and launched the final prodcut onto the market as the MAN CR 160. The Ikarus 280 model still runs in Budapest. The bus manufacturing company, which has a history dating back to 1895, Ikarus became the worlds fourth-largest bus manufacturer by 1973. This is true for the lovingly-maintained 1950s sedans of Cuba, and its also true for the legendary Ikarus buses of Hungary, that evoke 20th-century Europe, the Eastern Bloc and the Soviet world all at the same time. MABI-BUS Ltd., which was founded by Hungarian bus manufacturers, is completing another integration with Ikarus Egyedi Ltd. Also, the Government of Venezuela has initiated dialogue with Ikarus derived from the strong interest in the market for Natural Gas Buses shown by President Hugo Chavez Frias. Four years ago, the government had announced a strategy to revive Hungarys largely moribund bus manufacturing industry. Despite American engines and gearboxes as well as modified interiors, the Ikarus 286 was still a little foreign. An innovative SkyWay transportation system for Dubai? Out of the U.S. cities, it was Portland that had the biggest fleet, with 87 buses purchased. The new bus factory will cover an area of more than 20,000 m2, with which. To continue using this website, please accept our use of cookies below. The company had its heyday in those years when the world was divided into East and West and the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON) was responsible for the economic relations among the countries of the so-called Eastern Bloc. The metal body M 108d and the composite body C 86e Modulo buses have already proven themselves. What the government seems to prefer is for BKV Zrt to enter into bus service agreements with Hungarian firms tied to people close to Fidesz. Sales increased almost every year and by 1971, over 100,000 buses had been manufactured. And CRRC has already bid for DB tenders. Sign up to receive daily updates, news & stories about Hungary! The COMECON priciples often were not implemented consistently, so buses of the Jelcz brand (for example the type PR 100 under licence from Berliet or later from Renault) and Autosan were built in Poland, the Karosa brand in Czechoslovakia (that was the name of the state at that time), and the IDAC and Roman brands in Romania. In 1927, Ikarus had won an international tender and it was this year that large scale production could begin by delivering 60 shuttle buses. One of these ten was tested once as a demonstration coach on the Bonn express bus route to the airport (main station Cologne/Bonn airport). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. ): Article about "Ikarus Bus and Coaches" from busexplorer website, Hungarian website featuring many Ikarus buses, Technical description of Ikarus buses (in Ukrain), 190 like West German standard bus, 11 m long (1973-1983), 196.03 articulated bus (pusher) on Scania chassis (1984), 284 articulated bus (pusher), 17.9 m long. CRRC (China Railway Rolling stock Company) had a different approach: They bought one of the two former Ikarus plants in Hungary including the brand name. Due to their massive success, Ikarus buses began to be exported, with more than 100,000 buses sent around the world, making the company the fourth-largest manufacturer by 1973. 9500). The group has so far produced more than 2,600 buses, and its share in the 6,200-strong intercity fleet of Volnbusz is around 40%. In the mid-1970s, Ikarus launched its most successful models, the 200 series, which was available in different versions, as coaches, (city) buses, and articulated buses, and became one of the most popular bus series in the world. 2021 HungaryToday | All rights reserved. 70% of the total expenditure will be returned to the economy, and for a bus that costs HUF 80 million, HUF 26 million goes back to the Hungarian State in the form of taxes and contributions a total of HUF 3.9 billion for an order of 150 buses. Our car experts choose every product we feature.



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