(Perovskia) Blooms on new wood. Remove dead or damaged growth in midspring (after flowering). Little or no pruning necessary. For denser growth, cut back stem ends. Handle and dispose with care. Beauty comes after flowers drop. Shear off flower heads after blooming. (Cercis canadensis) Blooms early spring. He will feed, spray, water, mulch and otherwise coddle his plants. To slow growth and encourage dense plants cut candles by one-half. If youre having trouble with a particular plant, stop by or call us to help you find out why. Cut unwanted or overly tall stems to ground in spring. Loose graceful forms need annual renewal. Renew by cutting a third of oldest stems to ground. To control size cut back to 1/2 of it's height in late spring or early summer. Spring flowering clematis flower on wood formed the previous season. In the fall or early spring remove dead, damaged or unruly stems before growth begins; cut remaining stems back to a strong bud. Note that a shrub's inclusion on this list does not mean that you necessarily have to prune it every year, but only that, if you do choose to prune it, the ideal time to do so is right after it is done flowering. When flowers are cut leave about an inch of flower stem on plants. Beauty comes after flowers drop. The best blooms are on 2-3 year old wood. Shear leaves after they turn brown. Sprinkle a balanced, all-purpose plant food on the soil all the way to the edge of the plants drip line. Though an established shrub can endure a moderate drought, it will flower more reliably if you help it through the dry weather with a weekly watering. Remove all weak, twiggy branches or damaged wood. To preserve fruit prune late winter. Flowers on new wood. (Rhododendren) Pinch or clip to maintain shape immediately after blooming. This causes a witches broom effect. Keeps plants neat and dense. On older plants cut back approximately 1/4 of older shoots to the base to promote growth. Remove diseased flowers, buds, and stems by cutting back to healthy stems at any time. While it is reassuring to consult such lists, you do not need them if you just remember the general rule of thumb: In some genera, though, not every species can be pigeonholed into the same category. Dig out unwanted sprouts. (Geisemium sempervirens) Flowers on old wood. Prune to shape after berries have dropped. How Long Is God Of War Ragnarok Going To Be? Some routine maintenance will help keep your plants healthy so they can produce those fantastic flowers. Remove old, weak limbs entirely. Chrysanthemum For fall blooming common garden variety mums, pinch back tips regularly until mid to late August for sturdy, bushy plants. For "lace cap" hydrangeas (flowers form around edge of head) remove flowers as soon as they have bloomed to keep them from going to seed. Philadelphus lewisii is the native mock orange, reaching 6 to 7 feet tall, with single, fragrant white blossoms. Prune young plants by pinching and shaping. Mature trees require little or no pruning except for weak or damaged wood. Head back branch tips to encourage dense growth. Thin and top as required. Needs minor pruning. I know I need to prune it once its done flowering (a whole 5 flowers) but Im scared shitless. Shrubs which flower on old wood are: Forsythia, Rhododendron and Azalea, Rosemary all illustrated above and Magnolia, Hamamelis Witch Hazel, Lilac, Philadelphus, Spiraea, Viburnum, Weigela, Winter flowering Jasmine, Lonicera fragrantissim the winter flowering honeysuckle, Deutzias, and Camellia. Herbaceous species need dividing every 3-4 years.

It is less stressful for the plant, and you can clearly see the stems when they are leafless. It also blooms on spurs that are developed bypruning. Some plants such as Roses produce buds where the leaf joins the stem. Asparagus Harvest spears in spring by cutting with a sharp knife just below the soil line. Shrubs with a suckering growth habit such as forsythia and lilac should have the oldest, biggest stems removed at ground level periodically. Prune after flowering ends. They are often pruned in late winter or very early spring. Root prune to control spread. For larger flowers cut back last season's growth to 2 buds in winter. Prune late winter-early spring while dormant. Pruning is an important cultural practice to maintain the health and appearance of flowering shrubs. document.getElementById( "ak_js_1" ).setAttribute( "value", ( new Date() ).getTime() ); Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox. These vines are normally divided into three groups. If in doubt allow to bloom to make the pruning decision. Prune again in summer as needed to control size and shape. Tolerate shearing. Remove deadwood. For larger flowers cut back last season's growth to 2 buds in winter. Needs little pruning. Site Designed & Maintained by Garden Center Solutions, Spirea (all species that bloom in summer), Spirea (spring blooming varieties like bridal wreath). Stub will cure and fall off naturally. Abelia The best flowers are produced on new growth.

Cut branches that bloomed back to unflowered side branch. This allows time for the wood to grow and the current years buds to set to produce more beautiful blooms the next year. (Malus) Prune in late winter to early spring to retain fruits.

(Nerium) Prune early spring to control size. Abelia flowers on new wood and when these new shoots are cut off in an attempt to keep the plant tidy, you are left with the older branches that dont flower well. Hard pruning should always be done in early spring, before the shrub leafs out. To renew cut to ten inches. Can be cut back and sheared heavily anytime during growing season. In general, older varieties of macrophylla types (mophead or lacecap) bloom on old wood. (Mandevilla) Flower on old wood. Flower on new wood. This procedure is called Pruning. The Right Time to Prune Spring-Flowering Trees and Shrubs, Flowering Quince: Plant Care & Growing Guide, Lacecap Hydrangea Plant Care and Growing Guide, How to Prune Different Species of Hydrangeas, Use These Tips When Growing Star Magnolia Trees, How to Grow and Care for Incrediball Hydrangea, How to Grow and Care for Snowball Bush Viburnum, Here Are 9 Good Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Your Spring Landscape, Grow BloomStruck Hydrangea for Flowers Throughout the Summer, How to Grow and Care for Quick Fire Hydrangea, Shrubs That Thrive in Part Shade to Full Shade, How to Prune Shrub Roses and Knock Out Roses, Bridal Wreath Spirea: Plant Care & Growing Guide. Flowers in spring on old wood. May remove lower branches to expose attractive bark. Flowers on year old wood. Summer/fall bloomers (Billard, Bumald, etc) are pruned in late winter or early spring. Prune after flowering. Encourage flowering spurs with pruning in late spring or early summer. Cut faded flower stems to half their length to encourage new growth and buds. Wounds heal slowly. Fothergilla Blooms on old wood. It makes next year's flowers on new growth so it needs plenty of time to make that new growth after you prune it. Philadelphus Snowbelle is a delightfully romantic, compact deciduous shrub that drips with fragrant flowers from early to mid summer. Oleander (Nerium) Prune early spring to control size.

Each year cut out up to 20 percent of ageing stems to near the base. As a general rule spiraeas can be pruned according to form and time of bloom. The best flowers are produced on new growth. They may set additional blooms if pruned immediately after blooming. Keep them deadheaded unless fruit is desired. For tree form cut back to 2 or 3 growth buds on selected branches. Cherry, Flowering (Prunus) Prune in late winter to early spring to retain fruits. By entering your email, you consent to receive communicationsfromPennStateExtension. For deciduous varieties cut back flowered shoots to strong buds or young growth near the base of plant. (Chaenomeles) Blooms on old wood. To keep plants small cut to ground in late winter-early spring. Prune hard late winter, early spring. Weigela Needs a lot of pruning. Quinces (Chaenomeles) Blooms on old wood. Cut to six inches to renew. Some plants, like wisteria, can take up to seven years to produce flowers, but will be well worth the wait for the amazing show they produce. Tip prune 5-6 inches of remaining canes in the winter. Keep plants compact. Make cuts 1/4 inch above a leaf bud at a 45 degree angle, the lowest point on the side of the stem opposite the bud. If you look at a branch there will be little buds which eventually will grow to make more branches.You need to trim the branch just above where the buds face away from the plant (outwards) so that new growth grows into the space around it. Deadhead. Once you have determined that a shrub blooms on the previous year's growth (old wood), you know that the correct time to prune it is immediately after it finishes blooming. For annual pruning remove only old, unproductive wood. If you dont do it at the right time, you wont get many (or any) of those gorgeous flowers to enjoy. Philadelphus Snowbelle is a delightfully romantic, compact deciduous shrub that drips with fragrant flowers from early to mid summer. Pieris Flowers in spring on old wood. Pinch and lightly prune 4-5 times a year to encourage spreading and dense growth. In fall after foliage browns out, cut just below soil line. Little pruning needed. This procedure is called, . Use of dirty tools spreads disease. Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis) Blooms early spring. ), and viburnums (Viburnum spp.). Cut back severely after bloom to stimulate new growth. Open the center by removing branches that cross through the center. Cut to ground in spring after danger of frost is past. (Ziziphus jujuba) Prune to encourage weeping habit. Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) Cut plant down to ground after it finishes blooming in fall before it goes to seed. Do major pruning during dormant season. Prune branches that droop to touch ground to prevent rooting. Trim lightly to maintain symmetry. (Aronia) Prune to encourage branching while young. Phlox Cut back all tall herbaceous species to ground in the fall. Cut flowers just before opening for best aromatic properties. ), Virginia sweetspire (Itea virginica), mock orange (Philadelphus spp.) Clethra Flowers on new wood.

Remove bottom branches when they begin to die back. Bleed profusely so do not prune in spring or during most active growth. Like many spring-blooming shrubs, azaleas "bloom on old wood," which means they set next year's flower buds shortly after they finish blooming this year. After last artichoke and slight dieback, Cut the stem or stalk back to base. Blooms on old wood. Remove suckers and root prune to discourage ground runners. Do not head back. Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus) Light pruning to shape. Removal of dead, damaged or diseased wood reduces insect and disease problems while allowing the pruner to catch problems before they get out of hand. Prune anytime (spring best). Needs minimal pruning. Cut older plants to less than two feet. Use sterile utensils. Bleed profusely so do not prune in spring or during most active growth. To encourage growth remove some of the oldest canes to the lowest two buds or about four inches from the ground after flowering. As long as you prune straight after flowering it will give the new growth a chance to grow, so you will get flowers next year. There is no simple rule for hydrangea pruning. Catalpa Train to single trunk. (Cedrus) To limit size head back to a live bud or another limb. Radical pruning in late winter/early spring. Root prune to control spread. Clearly mock orangePhiladelphus speciesdo not resemble that plant. Allow a new plant to grow a few years to reach desired height. Keep low by heading back branches that tend to grow upright. Honeysuckle (Lonicera) Prune late winter to early spring to control growth. Spiraea As a general rule spiraeas can be pruned according to form and time of bloom. Most plants stay healthy and attractive longer if allowed to grow naturally, so reserve the hedge shears for formal hedges. Snip out branches to give planed, layered branches. Leaves that are directly opposite each other have flower buds in their axils. Cut vines to the ground in late winter/early spring. To promote flower production prune heavily after leaves fall, preferably in late winter-early spring. Always leave one joint of the previous years growth on side branches. Gardening on the wild, windy west side of Dartmoor. Mock orange (Philadelphus coronarius) is a deciduous shrub (it loses its leaves in the fall) that has a dense, rounded growth habit. Use of dirty tools spreads disease. Blackberry In the fall, soon after the last berry harvest, cut the canes that produced fruit this year and small weak canes to the ground. Remove suckers at ground level if on grafted root system. Remove oldest woody stems after flowering to promote vigor. How many strokes is an unplayable lie in golf? Peony (Paeonia) Herbaceous peonies - Deadhead. Make cuts so they are concealed by surrounding foliage (cuts into stem area without needles will not produce new growth). Cut off old flower heads and cut back long leggy growth. Remove from area otherwise the red berries will mature and scatter seeds which will germinate and crowd the established plants hurting production. Perhaps if you Google outward facing buds there might be some pictures to explain it better! These will become the spurs that produce the next years blooms. (Picea) Pinch stems or head back to another branch or main stem to limit size and encourage bushy growth. Head unwanted, damaged, dead or weak branches back to a lateral (. Don't cut leader to reduce height. Remove suckers. Cut laterals that bloomed last season to 2-4 buds. Divide healthy plants every 7-8 years. When training young tree remove all but one of these shoots to develop strong framework. Minor pruning throught season. (Pyrus) Need minimal pruning after training in late winter or early spring when dormant. Evergreen varieties require minimal pruning in spring to remove damaged or crossing shoots and to maintain shape. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Needs little pruning. Head back branch tips to encourage dense growth. At maturity, after training, very little pruning except to remove damaged, dead, weak or interfering wood. To preserve fruit prune late winter. Rhubarb In the spring, harvest by twisting each stalk and gently pulling it from the root without leaving a stub. Stake if required. Avoid planting on heavy, wet soils or in heavy shade. Old, overgrown shrubs can be cut back to 6 inches from the ground in early spring. He was in the nursery business for over a decade, working with a large variety of plants. This list presents entries in roughly chronological order so that the shrubs that bloom the earliest appear first. (Philadelphus) Blooms on previous season's wood. Remove bottom branches when they begin to die back. Prune in early spring. Prune in late winter-early spring. (Cornus stolonifera or alba) Cut plants to ground in late winter to enhance stem color and control twig blight. Cut the stems just above a bud or pair of buds beneath each flowerhead. I hope that this helps and is not too confusing. During the growing season, murrayas respond well to pruning. Remove suckers and water sprouts. Divide healthy plants every 7-8 years. Susceptible to stem rot. For foliage only, head stems back in early spring to second-lowest set of buds. Butterfly Bush (Buddleia) B.alternifolia blooms on previous season's wood. Prune late winter-early spring while dormant. Ornamental Grasses such as Pennisetum, Calamagrotis, Ophiopogon, Lirope, etc. A little insight into a plants growth and flowering habits can be used to plan how and when to prune. Replant every 3 to 4 years. Nandina In spring cut back shoots to shape plant. Other shrubs that fall into this category include forsythia (Forsythia spp.

He will feed, spray, water, mulch and otherwise coddle his plants. Shrubs that produce flowers on wood grown in the same season should be pruned in late winter or very early spring. Little pruning needed. Morning Glory (Ipomoea) Flower on new wood. Head back in late winter to early spring to control growth and encourage branching. Cut back spent flowering branches to strong shoot or young growth. Cut back side shoots on espaliered or wall trained shrubs to 2-3 leaves. Hosta (Hosta species) Go dormant in winter. Prune branches that droop to touch ground to prevent rooting. Mockoranges are propagated using softwood or hardwood cuttings. (Salix) Flower on old wood. Prune spring flowring types (Bridlewreath, garland, etc.) If you havent already done so, fertilize plants this spring with Plant-Tone, Holly-Tone or similar products (for those acid-loving azaleas and rhododendron). Pear, Flowering (Pyrus) Need minimal pruning after training in late winter or early spring when dormant. Cut back spent flowering branches to strong shoot or young growth. Cut back 2+ year old wood back to ground. Head back stems after blooms have faded. Michalmas daisy (A.novae-angliae, A.novi-belgii) can be pinched when young to induce branching, then cut back hard for a smaller, bushier plant with more flowers. Russian Sage (Perovskia) Blooms on new wood. Old, overgrown shrubs can be cut back to 6 inches from the ground in early spring. Mature trees require little or no pruning except for weak or damaged wood. This article will briefly describe what to do and when for some of the common plants found in the Tulsa County area. Prune as often as needed. Cut back 2+ year old wood back to ground. Renew by severe pruning almost to ground.

Shearing as hedge sacrifices some flowers and natural shape. Very early spring remove winter damaged stems and cut all stems to top healthy live eye or bud. Loropetalum Blooms on previous or current years growth in late winter or early spring. Astilbe Cut spent flowers. Cut oldest stems to ground. Magnolia wood brittle and slow to heal. This causes a witches broom effect. Shear hedges again in mid-summer if needed. Pruning: Cut back flowered growth to strong young shoots lower down. Remove suckers and water sprouts. Shear leaves after they turn brown. Radical pruning in late winter/early spring. If it is on it's own root system then they can be cut back hard to 1 1/2 to 2 feet in late winter. Highly recommended: Christopher Brickells Pruning & Training(republished in 2011) and Cass Turnbulls Guide to Pruning). Prune after flowering. Head back long stems. Technically, shearing is just making a lot of heading cuts.

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