The low-density scores reported above suggest that partners are selective with the relationships they have with other partners. The word clique can often have pejorative connotations. The analysis suggests that SuSanA partners are connecting to organizations in similar economic zones.

The aim of this project was to assess the quality of the network and the communication among members.

SuSanAs most important assets are the knowledge, experience, creativity and energy of a large and diverse membership. SuSanA is an informal network of partner organisations (142 partners as of March 2011) who share a common vision on sustainable sanitation. %PDF-1.5 Agriculture XPRT The SuSanA online discussion forum is a primary space for partners to exchange and receive information about issues in the sanitation sector of development. Cliques are groups of partners connected to many of the same partners.

Social network analysis examines how members of a network communicate with one another, form groups, cooperate, share information, and build relationships. endobj Your consent for the use of these cookies is not required. All Rights Reserved | Privacy Policy, This website uses a range of cookies to improve your experience. Creating global awareness of sustainable sanitation options, and on how to make them more accessible and affordable in the local and global market especially for the poor. The Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) seeks to create a space for NGOs (local and international), government agencies, private firms and research institutes to exchange information about sustainable sanitation practices. Partner representatives were asked about their organization's involvement in SuSanA, what they saw as SuSanA's successes and challenges, and about their relationships with other SuSanA partners. The activities of SuSanA so far have a tendency to take place and be driven by actors in the Global North, especially by European actors. SuSanA members were active in the Post-2015 Development Agenda and helped to shape the Sustainable Development Goals where Goal Number 6 now includes a goal of universal use of sustainable sanitation services that protect public health and dignity. Water Security, Sanitation, and Climate Change, Rural Evidence and Learning for Water (REAL WATER), Sustainable WASH Systems Learning Partnership, Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Partnerships and Learning for Sustainability, Water for Africa Through Leadership and Institutional Support, Water Security, Sanitation and Hygiene at USAID, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Partnerships and Learning for Sustainability (WASHPaLS) Fact Sheet, Sustaining Latrine Coverage and Use: A Study of Community-Led Total Sanitation Programs in Northern Ghana, Sustaining Latrine Coverage and Use: A Study of the Cambodia Rural Sanitation and Hygiene Improvement Program (CRSHIP I), Announcing Water for the World Photo Contest Winners. For example, when partners meet face-to-face or use Skype to talk, there are stronger indications of social capital. The E-I index of partners' relationships to other types of partners found a good level of diversity. During interviews with partners, the researcher asked partners to discuss opportunities for improvements within SuSanA. SuSanA came into existence in early 2007. A two-way arrow between two partners means that both partners identified having a relationship with each other. It has no legal structure and takes no membership fees. Some effort must be made to engage the passive partners and invite them to engage in SuSanA activities. The intention of creating SuSanA was to have a joint label for the planned activities for 2008 and to align the various organizations for further initiatives. In 2013, the SuSanA Secretariat surveyed partners to gather information about partners, gauge partners' perceptions about issues, and "map out" the partners' location. The cliques are primarily formed by five key partners: (1) SuSanA Secretariat, (2) Seecoon, (3) Eawag, (4) Stockholm Environment Institute, and (5) WASTE.

The online forum has become a space where individuals (freelance consultants and representatives of organizations) can post and engage one another. Density is one of two calculations the study used to assess the social capital in SuSanA. As agreed, this report is prepared for the SuSanA Secretariat and SuSanA partners. Nodes on a network graphic are the symbols (dots, squares, triangles, etc.) This could be a low resource campaign that simply provides active partners with a list of partners to contact.

The SuSanA network is a informal network. [15] To overcome this to some extent, SuSaA set-up local "chapters" in India in 2016, West Asia and North Africa (WANA) in 2017, and Latin America in 2018.[15]. The Secretariat may also provide the active partners with some talking points about recent development within SuSanA and areas of need. The textual analysis and interviews contextualize the findings. The quality of relationships was assessed using measures of social capital. Potentially, this could become a semi annual activity where partners reach out to one another to check-in. The final part of assessing relationship quality within SuSanA considered how communication channels influences social capital. The low density of the network suggested that partners are selective with the relationships they form with other partners. <> [2] The partners are of the following types: Local NGO, International NGO, private sector, research and education, governmental / state-owned organization, multi-lateral organizations, associations and networks and others. In the next year, SuSanA can carryout a campaign for partners to engage other partners. In February of 2014, Adam Saffer, Ph.D., contacted the SuSanA Secretariat to study the alliance for his dissertation. In networks that exchange information, it is important to see partners connecting with different types of partners. The research looked at the communication between partners. The patterns of relationships between partners illustrate the strength of the network. It was found to be a "prime mover" in the development of "safely managed non-grid sanitation". Zur Hauptnavigation springen Zur Suche springen Zum Seiteninhalt springen Zum Footer springen. Low density scores are often between .15 and .40 and suggest that a majority of the possible ties between organizations are not fulfilled. SuSanA came into existence in early 2007 and works as a coordination platform, working platform, sounding board, contributor to the policy dialogue on sustainable sanitation and as a catalyst. The elements assessed SuSanA's social capital. endobj There are a high number of partners that identified being a member of the Sanitation As a Business & Public Awareness working group. The report also provides four recommendations for strengthening the SuSanA network. The reason why SuSanA was started in 2007 was to prepare for the International Year of Sanitation in 2008, and to align the organizations active in sustainable sanitation. Relationship quality is important to knowledge exchanging networks. MEDIA ADVOCACY FOR SUSTAINABLE WATER GOVERNANCE IN URBAN SIERRA LEONE: A REVIEW OF THE FREETOWN WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM. Environmental XPRT is part of XPRT Media All Rights Reserved. What is sustainable sanitation? [1] It began its work in 2007, one year before the United Nations International Year of Sanitation in 2008. This method is useful for identifying leaders within a network, strong and weak relationships, and organizations that connect or do not with others. Environmental XPRT is a global environmental industry marketplace and information resource. Improving climate change and development programming, Creating successful and effective education programs, Solving global water and sanitation challenges, Strengthening land tenure and property rights, A collaborative learning community of development professionals, Sharing market-based solutions for development, Helping communities withstand crisis and thrive. At the present time, the secretariat function is carried out by GIZ (German International Cooperation). The easiest way to understand network graphs is to look at the size of the node and the lines going in or out of a node. A simple campaign could be developed among the active partners to check-in with passive partners. As expected, email, Skype and the SuSanA discussion forum were the most frequently used communication channels. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. The purpose of this campaign would be to give passive partners opportunities to become reengaged in SuSanA activities. The average length of the interviews was 27 minutes. 1 0 obj If partners do not receive network illustrations, they can contact the researcher at Adam.Saffer@unc.edu. SuSanA has over 360 partner organizations (as of March 2021). SuSanA is an informal network; partners are not required to engage others or contribute resources. To this point in the report, the research suggests that: (a) SuSanA partners are less likely to directly connect with other partners; (b) the patterns of partners' relationships form cliques among the leading organizations; and (c) partners have a fair amount of diversity in their relationships with different types of partners but less diverse relationships with partners from different economic zones. Illustration of the SuSanA network based on partners' relationships. There were three categories of media richness. The low frequency of relationships lowers the density of the network. The partners are categorized into seven types of organizations. now open, Assessing mutual accountability to strengthen national WASH systems and achieve the SDG targets for water and sanitation, The water-energy-food nexus: an ecosystems and anthropocentric perspective. 2 0 obj Density is calculated by taking the total number of possible ties among SuSanA partners over the actual number of ties that exist among partners. SuSanA came into existence in early 2007 and works as a coordination platform, working platform, sounding board, contributor to the policy dialogue on sustainable sanitation and as a catalyst. Multiple email reminders were sent to non-responding partners. The textual analysis examined four blogs, 13 factsheets, 39 discussion topics with an average of seven postings per topic, 220 mission statements, 25 quarterly newsletters, 24 organizational documents that included annual reports and planning documents, 40 partner websites, and five videos. The interviews further familiarized the researcher to the SuSanA network and provided context for the network analysis findings. The alliance has two types of partners: active and passive. More focused working groups could allow for more engagement opportunities among members. In a network this expansive, it is not realistic to expect partners will have relationships with several other partners. The MDGs of sanitation, set by the United Nations, sought to halve the 2.6 billion people without access to proper sanitation by 2015.



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